First Jewish presence: 13th century (60 Jews); peak Jewish population: 90 in 1858; Jewish population in 1933: 13 familiesAccording to records, Sinzig’s 13th-century Jewish community was burdened with oppressive taxes. Many Jews died in Sinzig during the pogroms of the 13th and 14th centuries. The medieval community was annihilated in the Black Death pogroms of 1348/49, and it was not until the 18th century that another Jewish community was founded in Sinzig. Services were conducted in a small prayer room until 1867, when the modern community inaugurated a new synagogue. The anti-Jewish boycott of 1933 crippled Sinzig’s Jewish community. On Pogrom Night, the synagogue was torched and demolished, as were Jewish-owned homes and stores. At least 23 Sinzig Jews perished in the Shoah. Memorial stones were later unveiled at the former synagogue site and at the cemetery.
Copyright: Pogrom Night 1938 - A Memorial to the Destroyed Synagogues of Germany/ germansynagogues.bh.org.il
NotesSources: Lexikon der jüdischen Gemeinde in Deutschen Sprachraum, Klaus Dieter-Alicke, [publisher] Gütersloher Verlagshaus, 2008., “und dies ist die Pforte des Himmels”: Synagogen Rheinland-Pfalz/Saarland, Will Schmid, Stefan Fischbach and Ingrid Westerhoff [Eds.], publication initiated by Joachim Glatz and Meier Schwarz, [publisher] Phillipp Von Zabern, 2005.
|Date Added||May 19, 2020|
|Exhibits||Pogrom Night 1938 - A Memorial to the Destroyed Synagogues of Germany|
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