Fasanenstrasse synagogue

In response to the growth of Berlin’s Jewish population (5,000 in 1895 to 23,000 in 1910) an additional synagogue was built on Fasanenstrasse between the years 1910 and 1912. The synagogue was inaugurated in August 1912. Rabbi Julius Gallinger and senior cantor Magnus Davidson served the synagogue’s Liberal congregation from 1912 until 1938; Rabbi Leo Baeck, too, often conducted services there. The impressive new building, built in the Neo-Romanesque style, had three cupolas. Other Berlin synagogues had been erected in courtyards, but this one was a front building with a richly decorated facade. The Fasanenstrasse synagogue seated 1,720 congregants and contained a loft for the organ, a weekday synagogue, classrooms, a wedding hall, apartments and offices. Mosaics and ornaments decorated the interior. In 1931, members of the Hitler Youth attacked Jewish worshippers at the Fasanenstrasse synagogue with the support of the SA. On Pogrom Night, SA troops invaded the synagogue and its annex, destroying prayer books, furniture and the organ. The fire brigade watched the SA set fire to and destroy the entire building. In 1943, the building’s ruins were damaged during an air raid. In 1959, a Jewish community center, housing a library and an adult education center, was opened on the site. The synagogue’s former front gate adorns the present-day entrance, and a memorial plaque has been unveiled there.
Heidemarie Wawrzyn
Copyright: Pogrom Night 1938 - A Memorial to the Destroyed Synagogues of Germany/ Germansynagogues.com


Sources: The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, Shmuel Spector [Ed.], [publisher] Yad Vashem and the New York University Press, 2001.,Synagogen in Berlin: Zur Geschichte einer zerstörten Architektur, Rolf Bothe [Ed.], [publisher] Willmürth Arenhövel, 1983., Guide to Jewish Berlin: History and the Present, Vera Bendt, Nicola Galliner Thomas Jersch, Stefi Jersch-Wenzel, Carolin Hilker-Siebenhaar [Ed.], [Publisher] Verlag Nicolai, 1987. www.luise-berlin.de; Petra Domke: Synagogen in Berlin, Berlin 1996



Date Added Jan 22, 2020
Category Synagogue
Country DE
State Berlin
City Berlin
Exhibits Pogrom Night 1938 - A Memorial to the Destroyed Synagogues of Germany

Have additional information, photos, connections, or other resources to contribute?

Help Us in the race against time to time document Jewish history!